World’s Top 10 Supercomputers with their Cost, Speed and Usage

The history of Supercomputers are dated back to early 60s with development of Atlas, the first supercomputer (installed at Manchester University) with asynchronous processor due to which the processing speed is not measurable but far less than an ordinary desktop computers at your home. But today’s supercomputers have thousands time more processing speed and in fact, thousand time costly too than our desktop computers.

The performance or processing speed of supercomputer is measured in petaflop that is equal to a million billion or a thousand trillion floating point operations per second. These massive machines are not made for fun but rather help scientists, meteorologists to do research or forecast global climate and whether, while some are used being to simulate brain activity or effects of storm or wind on a plane.

 Take a look at world top 10 supercomputers as announced in November 2013 by, the organization updating the list half-yearly.


1. Tianhe-2 (MilkyWay-2)

Top 10 supercomputers

In the war of supercomputer manufacturing, Chinese Tianhe-2 (TH-2 or Milky way2) dominated and has on top of the list since June 2013, remain undefeated till to date. Tianhe-2 is a 33.86 petaflops supercomputer developed by a team of 1300 scientists and engineers located in University of Sun-Yat-sen, Guangzhou, China. This supercomputer has 3,120,000 core processors.

Country: China
Site: National University of Defense Technology (NUDT)
Manufacturer: National University of Defense Technology (NUDT)
Cores: 3,120,000
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 33,862.7 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 54,902.4 TFlop/s
Power: 17,808.00 kW
Memory: 1,024,000 GB
Operating System: Kylin Linux
Purpose/Usage: For local weather service and the National Offshore Oil Corporation
Cost: 2.4 billion Yuan or 3 billion Hong Kong dollars (390 million US Dollars)

 2. Titan

Top 10 supercomputers

Titan supercomputer is 560,640-core computer which is actually an upgraded version of Jaguar supercomputer developed by an American Supercomputer manufacturer Cray Research Inc. (CRI) located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The initial cost of the unit were approximately $60 million, funded by U.S Department of Energy (DoE) which is raised to $97millions due to addition of Storage system.

Country: U.S.
Site: DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Manufacturer: Cray Inc.
Cores: 560,640
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 17,590.0 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 27,112.5 TFlop/s
Power: 8,209.00 kW
Memory: 710,144 GB
Operating System: Cray Linux Environment
Purpose/Usage: Use to simulate Molecular physics, energy, activity and interaction between electron and atom, global atmosphere modeling.
Cost: $100 million

3. Sequoia

Top 10 supercomputers

Sequoia – Blue Gene/Q supercomputer manufactured by IBM for National Nuclear Security Administration (NSSA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is deployed over the site in June 2012 and gain the world #1supercomputer award.

Country: U.S.
Site: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Manufacturer: IBM
Cores: 1,572,864
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 17,173.2 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 20,132.7 TFlop/s
Power: 7,890.00 kW
Memory: 1,572,864 GB
Operating System: Linux
Purpose/Usage: Nuclear weapons simulation, energy, astronomy, study of the human genome, and climate change.
Cost: $250 million dollar

4. K computer

Top 10 supercomputers

Country: Japan
Site: RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS)
Manufacturer: Fujitsu
Cores: 705,024
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 10,510.0 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 11,280.4 TFlop/s
Power: 12,659.89 kW
Memory: 1,410,048 GB
Operating System: Linux
Purpose/Usage: Climate research, Medical researches and Disaster prevention
$1.2 billion US dollar

5. Mira

Top 10 supercomputers

Country: U.S.
Site: DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
Manufacturer: IBM
Cores: 786,432
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 8,586.6 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 10,066.3 TFlop/s
Power: 3,945.00 kW
Operating System: Linux
Purpose/Usage: Used for scientific research in the fields of material science, climatology and computational chemistry.
Cost: $50 million dollar

6. Piz Daint

Top 10 supercomputers

Country: Switzerland
Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS)
Manufacturer: Cray Inc.
Cores: 115,984
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 6,271.0 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 7,788.9 TFlop/s
Power: 2,325.00 kW
Operating System: Cray Linux Environment
Purpose/Usage: Weather forecast, climatology and scientific researches
Cost: ??? dollars

7. Stampede

Top 10 supercomputers

Country: U.S.
Site: Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas, Austin
Manufacturer: Dell
Cores: 462,462
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 5,168.1 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 8,520.1 TFlop/s
Power: 4,510.00 kW
Memory: 192,192 GB
Operating System: Linux
Purpose/Usage: In the field of medicine to detect brain tumors, biology (especially microbiology) human genetics, geophysics and earth sciences for earthquake forecast.
Cost: More than $56 million dollar



Top 10 supercomputers

Country: Germany
Site: Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Manufacturer: IBM
Cores: 458,752
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 5,008.9 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 5,872.0 TFlop/s
Power: 2,301.00 kW
Memory: 458,752 GB
Operating System: Linux
Purpose/Usage: For researches in different fields of science
Cost: ??? dollars

9. Vulcan – Blue Gene

Top 10 supercomputers

Country: U.S.
Site: DOE/NNSA/ Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Manufacturer: IBM
Cores: 393,216
Linpack Performance (Rmax): 4,293.3 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 5,033.2 TFlop/s
Power: 1,972.00 kW
Memory: 393,216 GB
Operating System: Linux
Purpose/Usage: Used for researches in Biology, Plasma Physics, Climate Science, Molecular Systems and Solid & Fluid Engineering
Cost: $100 million

10. Super MUC

Top 10 supercomputers

Country: Germany
Site: Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Manufacturer: IBM
Cores: 147,456
Lin pack Performance (Rmax): 2,897.0 TFlop/s
Theoretical Peak (Rpeak): 3,185.1 TFlop/s
Power: 3,422.67 kW
Operating System: Linux
Purpose/Usage: Researchers in Medicine, Astrophysics, Earth quake simulation, computational chemistry,  fluid dynamics and genome analysis
Cost: $111million dollar



  1. Did anyone notice that 10 out of 10 of these supercomputers are running essentially the SAME OS? They are all running some form of Linus Torvald’s contribution to WORLD CLASS computing – LINUX !!! Thanks Linus.

    Burt Vose

    • Linux is the child of the great great Unix BSD. It is amazing that an Operating Systems that was developed in the late 60s has proven the superiority of Human Brains. I was a computer programmer in the 60’s coding in Machine Language (PLC’s), Mnemonic (IBM 1400), Assembler (IBM 360/ SDS, CDC), and LisP. I stopped programming in 74 and became a pen pusher with the government. Now I feel like being a Troglodyte not understanding all the jargon these youngsters throw at each other. Hardware has come a long way. It is still trying to reach Software.
      Will Hardware ever reach and surpass Software? I wonder?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Scroll To Top