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Kidney Damaging Habits and Way to Overcome Them

Kidney Damaging Habits

Kidneys are among the vital body organs that not only filter and purify our blood from waste products but perform many other tasks such as to maintain homeostasis of our body, maintain fluid-elector lye balance and enhance the formation of Red Blood Cells. Therefore to stay health, we need health kidneys.

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On the occasion of World Kidney Day, Here are some kidneys damaging habits and health tips to overcome those habits to keep our kidneys healthy

01. Not drinking adequate Water

Kidney Damaging Habits

You may have notice that the color of Urine becomes darken when you don’t stay well hydrate. This indicates that our kidneys requires sufficient amount of water in blood to function properly. As all of you know, the main function of kidneys is to remove waste products from our body that are the end products of metabolism of food; especially protein, and drugs. To do this crucial job, kidneys need to have sufficient blood supply. In case if we don’t drink enough water or remain dehydrated, the volume of blood decreases (called hypovolumia) which results in insufficient supply of blood to the vital organs, kidneys are one of them. The low blood supply results in improper functioning of kidneys and lead toward kidney damage.

Health Tip: you may heard or read that 8 glass of water a day is enough but The National Kidney Foundation suggests to drink at least 12 glasses of water a day to keep your kidney healthy.

 

02. Ignoring the Urge to Void, Long term bladder full

Kidney Damaging Habits

It is best to void earlier when you feel the urge to void. Retaining urine in bladder, along with many other urinary tract problems such as infection and incontinence, can damage your kidneys too. Our bladder has the capacity to stretch and accumulate up to 600 ml of urine at a time. Although you may feel the urge to void when the urine in bladder reaches 250 or 300 ml, retaining urine for long times in your bladder can increase the pressure on your kidneys and will eventually lead to incontinence and failure.

Health Tips: Don’t keep it for long. Listen to nature calls, don’t delay it. Empty your bladders as soon as you feel need to void.

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03. Consuming too much sodium/Salt

Kidney Damaging Habits

Along with removal of waster products from our body, maintaining water-electrolytes balance is another job that our kidneys perform perfectly if don’t alter by us. We can stress our kidneys by taking too much electrolytes especially sodium which is found in table salt. By taking more slat than the recommended amount (more than 2,300 mg per day), we may disturbed the normal and proper functioning of our kidneys and will keep them busy more in excreting out the excessive sodium from our body which will lead to kidney damage.

Health Tip: Take the recommended amount of salt that is 2,300. In case if you have diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure or any chronic kidney disease, the recommended amount of salt per day for you is 1,500 mg per day.

04. Too much protein

Kidney Damaging Habits

As stated earlier, our kidneys remove waste produce of food especially of protein from our body. If your food is rich in protein or in case if you consume red meat and poultry products more, then your kidneys have to work harder and perform additional and tough task to remove excessive nitrogenous waste products from your body which may deteriorate kidneys functions and can lead to kidney damage.

Health Tip: Don’t eliminate proteins from your diet. Proteins are the crucial elements of our nutrition required for formation of new tissues and proper functioning of body cells. The daily recommended amount of protein intake is 56 grams. Don’t seek the total amount of protein form meat and poultry products, use green leafy vegetables instead.

05. Pain-killer abuse

Kidney Damaging Habits

Pain killer medication or analgesics are often OTC (over the counter) medication that one can take without doctor prescription as and when required. Many people use pain killer medication in high dose and more frequently that result in dysfunctions of many organs especially the liver and kidneys. Researchers found that taking pain killer medication for long time reduces blood supply to the kidneys which results n kidney damage.

Health Tip: Use non-pharmacological pain management strategies instead of using kidney damaging pain killer medications. Always use suitable pain killer medication that is prescribed by physician.

Kidney Damaging Habits

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10 interesting Facts about your Heart You Must Know

Interesting Human Heart Facts

What do you know else about the Heart other than being repressing it as a symbol of love? Heart is not just to deal with love; it is one of the complex body organs, busy to perform some important job to pump blood to part of your body continually (and still make sometime for love). It is a standalone organ which can live even if the controlling center of body, the brain dies.

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So find some interesting facts about human heart below

01. The power of Human Heart

Human heart with no more than the size of your won fist, beats 100,000 times a day to send 2000 gallons of blood across the 60, 000 miles of blood vessels from your head to feet. If we multiply this figure with whole life, the heart pumps nearly 1.5 million barrels during your whole life enough to fill 200 tankers of 10,000 gallon.

02. Trip to Moon with Energy Generated By Your Heart

Heart is really mighty muscular pump which daily, during pumping blood across body, generates enough power to drive a truck for 32 kilometers or 20 miles. You may have a trip to The Moon and back to The Earth in your lifetime just on the energy by your heart. So have a nice trip.

03. Heart, The Un-fatigable

This tiny mighty muscular pump begins to beat when you were in womb at 4th week and beats till one pass away. Un-fatigable. It will not stop beating even if the brain dies because heart has its own intrinsic regulatory system which initiates the heart beat.

04. What Reduces the Risk of Heart Diseases?

Now something about heart disease. According to some recent studies on heart disease, scientist found that have more education and less chances to die from heart disease. The rate of heart disease is also low vegetarians (about 19% less than non-vegetarians) and in those eating dark chocolate daily. Dark chocolate reduces the risk of heart diseases up to 30%.

05. Heart Diseases in Prehistoric People

With all the above researches to reduce the risk, heart diseases are still the greatest risk of death. The traces of heart disease are found in mummies from prehistoric civilization (3,000 years old)

06. What Increases the Risk of Heart Diseases?

Are you taking Multivitamins to strengthen your bones, boost your brain or to stay active (as most bran claims), remember multivitamins have linked with heart diseases and increases the risk of heart disease especially heart cancer (although heart cancer are very rare as heart loses its ability to divide early in the life). So be careful while taking such boosters.

07. Men vs. Women Heart Attack

Though there are minor differences in the anatomy and physiology of male and female (women have smaller but faster heart), the symptoms of heart diseases are differs in both. Males feel chest pain while females feel nausea, have vomiting and shoulder pain instead of chest pain.

08. Some interesting Facts about Treatment of Heart Diseases

It’s now turn to know something about investigation and treatment of heart diseases, the first mapping of human heart is done in 1929 by German surgeon Werner Forssmann. He mapped his own heart using a long catheter inserted via his arm vein directed toward heart.

09. The First Heart Transplantation

The first heart transplanted successfully in 1967by Dr. Christian Barnard. Though the procedure was successful but the patient didn’t survive and died after 18 days of the operation.

10. Synchronize your Heart Beat

When you listen to music, your heart beat and rhythm changes according to the rhythm of music. Even when a group of singers (choir) sings and in synchrony, their heart beats also synchronize. If you are not a singer or don’t like music, you can still synchronize your heart beat with your lover by gazing into each other’s eyes for two or three minutes

What else? If You Know some other interesting facts about Heart, let us know in Comments and if you like these facts, share it with your friends.

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10 Interesting Facts About Human Body

Interesting-Human-Body-Facts

Human-Body-Facts

1. Stomach is full of a strong digestive acid the HCL, which (in specific duration of time) can digest bones but don’t worry, stomach cannot eat itself because the lining of stomach renew itself quickly than the acid digest.

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2.  Lungs consist of 300,000 millions capillaries (tiny blood vessels) which is queued end to end would stretch up to 1500 miles. If all the blood vessels in human body were placed end to end, they would stretch up to 25000 miles, enough to circle the globe.

3. It is always confusing and most of us think the liver or the brain as the largest organ of the body. But the largest organ of our body is skin (integument). It weighs 8 to 10 pounds (triple the weight of Brain and liver together) making 15% of total body weight. If stretch out, the skin would cover the surface area of 16 to 22 square feet or 2 square meters.

4.  Human bones are 4 times stronger than concert (especially the bone of thigh or femur bone). A cubic inch of bone can bear the load of 19000 lbs.

5.  The largest proportion of dust on our bed, table and Television is the cells that shads from our skin. Human skin is continually shad dead cells on an astonishing rate of 30,000 to 40,000 cells per minutes and about 8 pounds per year. During half of our life, our skin shads approximately 80 kg of dead cells

6. Salivary glands in our mouth produce about 0.5 to 0.7 ml saliva per minute (up to 3 ml per minutes when you see or eat delicious food) making 1.5 liter per day. In this perspective, we can produce enough saliva to fill up to two swimming pools

7.  On average, the testicles produce 10 million sperms each day. Enough to repopulate the entire world in just 6 months.

8. On an average day, ocular muscles which helps to focus eye, is move about 100,000 times. To put that in perspective, this would be same as walking 50 miles every day for our leg muscles

9.  A postage-stamp sized piece of circumcised foreskin (prepuce) takes only 21 days to grow enough to cover 3 basket ball courts. The circumcised foreskin is frequently grown in lab and is used as a skin graft while treating deep burns.

10.  Among all the mammalian, Humans are the only mammal who cannot swallow and breath at very same time.

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10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts That You Must Know

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Human Brain is the center of Nervous System which control and coordinate all the functions of human body. It is an extremely powerful and sophisticated organ that stores our memory, control emotions, our feelings and the way we think and react.

The functions and importance of brain were discovered even in ancient time by Hippocrates, but still there are some interesting facts and mysterious functions of brain that most of us don’t know. Here is a list of top 10 interesting facts about brain, you need to know.

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1.  Brain Weight vs Energy Usage

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Brain comprises a smaller portion of total body weight (only 2% weighing 3 pounds or 1.4 Kg) but it consumes largest portion of energy generated in human body. It consumes 20% of total blood oxygen, 25% of blood glucose and to fulfill these requirements, Brain receives 15 to 20% blood (750 to 1000 ml) from total cardiac output in a minute. With the energy brain uses, it is able to produce enough electricity (necessary to send and receive nerve impulses/signals) to illuminate a small light bulb (about 25 Watts).

2. Neurons and Blood Vessels in Brain

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Neurons are the main functional parts of the brain. Human brain contain approximately 100 billion neurons (15 times greater in number than total human population) the length of these neurons range from few micrometer to 100 cm (1 meter). The total length of these neurons, if lined up end to end, would be 5000 kilometer (if multiply 100 billion with an average length of 50 micrometers). This huge number of neurons is supplied by numerous smaller blood vessels, the total length of which, if stretched out, would wrap around the World four times (100,000 kilometer).

3. Male Vs Female Brain – Smarter vs Faster

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Male have 10% bigger brain than female’s brain and also have 6.5 times more gray matter (upper parts of brain made up of fully functional neurons) making them somewhat smarter as compare to females. Female’s brain, on the other hand, have 12% more neurons, packed tightly together and have 10 times more white matter (which consist more of connection between neurons), due to these properties, female’s brain process faster.

4. Brain vs  Pain – The Pain Free Brain

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

The human brain is the only organ in body that lacks Nociceptors (pain receptors). It perceives pain singles from all over the body but cannot feel pain by itself. Thus, Neurosurgeons are able to perform brain surgery on a conscious patient, as some surgeries (called Intra-operative Brain Mapping) requires the patient to stay awake, communicate and respond to the Surgeon and express his/her feeling.

5. Left vs Right Brain

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Brain is anatomically divided into two main lobes or hemisphere. The right side of the brain actually controls the functions and movements of left side of body while left side of the brain controls the right side of body. Similarly, the upper parts of body are controlled by lower portion of brain while the lower parts and organs are directed by upper areas in brain. The person who has their right side of brain dominated over left side tend to use their left side of body. For example, they are tending to write with their left hand.

6. Lazy or Smart Brain

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Our Brain tends to ignore an object that it deems unimportant. A good example of this phenomenon is that the brain constantly ignores our nose while we can always see it. To prove this fact with reality, pick a small object near you or a spot on wall and trying to star on it for a few second without blinking your eyes. In just a few seconds, you will notice that the spot become disappears.

7. Lucid Dreaming

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

If you lay down and did not move for 15 minutes, you will fall asleep. but in this duration, your brain will constantly check if you are awake or asleep by sending you impulses such as an itch, an urge to move or blink eyes (while eyes are still closed) and to change body position. If you ignore and don’t follow these instruction from your brain while still stay awake, you will go into the state of sleep paralysis and will begin lucid dreaming.

 8. Memory – New Cells or new Connections

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Memory is stored as a result of new connection between our neurons in our brain. Every time we remember something new or have a new thought, our brain creates new connections in itself. Repeating or rehearsal continually stronger the connections while these connections can become weekend over time result in forgetting of memory.

9. Thinking – We Think more than we think

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

Human Brains perform too many functions simultaneously, but major of all is thinking. We think allot. On average, human have approximately 70,000 thoughts, speaks 7,000 to 16,000 words and blinks eyes 12,000 times each day.

10. Tickling – Why Can’t we do it

10 Fascinating Human Brain Facts

It’s nearly hard to tickle yourself because Cerebellum (part of brain) actively monitors and anticipating touch sensations. In case when you about to tickle yourself, Cerebellum warn the rest of the brain about what’s going on. The brain, than ignore or dull the sensation resulting from tickling.

 

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Top 10 Interesting Human Psychological Facts

10 interesting Psychological Facts

1. LiesLying

Lies – The average person tells 4 lies a day, 28 lies a week, 1460 a year and a total of 87,600 till they are 60. The most common lie of which is ‘I’m fine’. It is said that lying is the second thing Human develop soon after they learn to walk. (a 2 year old baby can lie too). People who lie more are good at detecting other people’s lie.

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2. Smile

Smile to make your self happy

Smile – Smiling can make you feel happier and energetic, even if you are in bad mood, smile will immediately improve your mood, even thinking about smile and using the face muscle is enough to trigger the happy chemicals (Endorphin and Dopamine) in your brain.

3. Placebo

Power of Placebo

Placebo effect: Placebos (when a substance is perceived as a drug, has effect as a drug) can be as good as real treatment. The placebo effect is a scientific proof that our thoughts are powerful enough to bring things into existence and have the ability to heal our self.

4. Feeling Sad

Sad vs Happy

A psychological study suggest that when your are sad, you feel all the people around you happy, and similarly when you are single, all you see are happy couples – when you are in relation, you see happy singles.

5. Multitasking

Multitasking

Performing many tasks at once or multitasking is not the inborn ability of human brain but research suggests that you can train your brain for Multi-tasking. Women brain, as compared to men, is more capable of multitasking at same time, they tend to listen to phone calls and watch TV show while cooking. Although multitasking reduces efficiency of work because we have to allocate different cognitive resources to different tasks and have to shift between different thought processes quickly.

6. Creativity

Creativity

Creativity: People are more creative in rooms colored blue, more creative in night and least in afternoon. However daydreaming and naps in noon can help with creative thinking. Left-handed people are more creative than right-handed.

7. Dreams

Dreams

On average, human brain forget 90% of what it dream about, but people who fall in Love remember 30% more dreams.

8. Blaming

Blaming Others

In a bad situation, Humans tend to blame other people rather than circumstance. In a quarrel with neighbors, it’s your neighbors who always wrong.

9. Thought Suppression

Suppression

Trying to suppress or avoid your thoughts actually makes you think more about it. Similarly trying to forget about your Ex and there is more chance to fall in love again with him/her.

10 . Group Decision and Brainstorming

Group Decision

Group are bad at decision making, similarly brainstorming (group discussion to generate ideas) doesn’t work  because people in group are less active and more worried about what others think. So when it comes to generate great ideas and make decision, it is better to think alone.

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