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WHO World Health Day Tips On Food Safety

WHO World Health Day Tips On Food Safety

7th April is celebrated as World Health Day and this year the World Health Day is dedicated to “Food Safety” by World Health Organization under the slogan of “From Farm to Plate, Make Food Safe”. The theme of “Food Safety” for the annual World Health Day this year is selected based on the data of Food born disease that reveals the importance of a safe food campaign.

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WHO World Health Day Tips On Food Safety

Why Should We Worry About the Food Safety?

Based on the statistics and data collected from different countries of world including Developed, Developing and underdeveloped countries, there are more than 200 diseases that can be caused by contaminated food and water as the food and water can be easily contaminated with chemicals and pathogens. Collectively there is an estimated 582 million cases of different foodborne and waterborne enteric diseases occurs every year causing 3.5 million death worldwide with highest occurrence in underdeveloped countries of Africa followed by Asian countries. The most affected age group from Foodborne diseases are children under the age of 5 years (WHO). So there is a strong need to have a food safety awareness campaign worldwide.

How can it be prevented?

The Health experts from World Health Organization listed four key points for on food safety, following which you can make your food safe and stay away from Foodborne diseases. Here is how you can save yourself from foodborne diseases

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1. Clean

Keep cleans Your Hands First:

  • Keep clean not only your food but your hand first. Contaminated hand is a major source of transmission of Foodborne diseases.
  • Before touching food, make sure that your hands are clean.
  • Clean your hands according to rule of 20/20 that is; wash your hands for 20 sec with soap water and dry it for 20 second before cooking or eating food.
  • Wash hands frequently before and after handling food especially the raw meat and vegetables.

Clean Your Food:

  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly with water until any visible soil remove.
  • Use safe and clean water as well to wash your food.

Keep Clean Everything Else:

  • Keep clean your kitchen counter, chop boards, utensils and knives before using them.
  • Wash them frequently with tap or soap water before and after using them.

2. Separate

Separate the Cooked and Raw Food:

  • Don’t mix ready to eat food or meat with raw food or meat, keep them separates while storing or preparing meal. It can be a source of cross contamination of Germs which is the major way of transmission of foodborne diseases.
  • Don’t even mix raw vegetable and fruits with the washed one.
  • Organize the Food Storage in your fridge. Keep raw meat in the lower shelves while vegetable and fruits in upper shelves.
  • Keep your food covered all the time in fridge.
  • Never put back cooked meat in cold or fridge.

3. Cook

  • Cook poultry, meat and seafood thoroughly. This will reduce the risk of food poisoning and other foodborne diseases.
  • Cook the meat until they reach the temperature of 75 0C.
  • Before cooking frozen meat or poultry product, defrost it completely.

4. Chill

Keep your food at safe temperatures:

  • Meat, fish, vegetables, poultry and dairy products are meant to be kept chilled so keep this kind of food in refrigerator at 5 0C as soon as possible after you purchased them.
  • Put cooked food in refrigerator within 2 hours after you cooked them.
  • Defrost food in the refrigerator at relatively high temperature or in cold water, never deforest food at room temperature in your kitchen. Sudden change in temperature may cause bacteria to grow and may cause food poisoning.
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Kidney Damaging Habits and Way to Overcome Them

Kidney Damaging Habits

Kidneys are among the vital body organs that not only filter and purify our blood from waste products but perform many other tasks such as to maintain homeostasis of our body, maintain fluid-elector lye balance and enhance the formation of Red Blood Cells. Therefore to stay health, we need health kidneys.

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On the occasion of World Kidney Day, Here are some kidneys damaging habits and health tips to overcome those habits to keep our kidneys healthy

01. Not drinking adequate Water

Kidney Damaging Habits

You may have notice that the color of Urine becomes darken when you don’t stay well hydrate. This indicates that our kidneys requires sufficient amount of water in blood to function properly. As all of you know, the main function of kidneys is to remove waste products from our body that are the end products of metabolism of food; especially protein, and drugs. To do this crucial job, kidneys need to have sufficient blood supply. In case if we don’t drink enough water or remain dehydrated, the volume of blood decreases (called hypovolumia) which results in insufficient supply of blood to the vital organs, kidneys are one of them. The low blood supply results in improper functioning of kidneys and lead toward kidney damage.

Health Tip: you may heard or read that 8 glass of water a day is enough but The National Kidney Foundation suggests to drink at least 12 glasses of water a day to keep your kidney healthy.

 

02. Ignoring the Urge to Void, Long term bladder full

Kidney Damaging Habits

It is best to void earlier when you feel the urge to void. Retaining urine in bladder, along with many other urinary tract problems such as infection and incontinence, can damage your kidneys too. Our bladder has the capacity to stretch and accumulate up to 600 ml of urine at a time. Although you may feel the urge to void when the urine in bladder reaches 250 or 300 ml, retaining urine for long times in your bladder can increase the pressure on your kidneys and will eventually lead to incontinence and failure.

Health Tips: Don’t keep it for long. Listen to nature calls, don’t delay it. Empty your bladders as soon as you feel need to void.

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03. Consuming too much sodium/Salt

Kidney Damaging Habits

Along with removal of waster products from our body, maintaining water-electrolytes balance is another job that our kidneys perform perfectly if don’t alter by us. We can stress our kidneys by taking too much electrolytes especially sodium which is found in table salt. By taking more slat than the recommended amount (more than 2,300 mg per day), we may disturbed the normal and proper functioning of our kidneys and will keep them busy more in excreting out the excessive sodium from our body which will lead to kidney damage.

Health Tip: Take the recommended amount of salt that is 2,300. In case if you have diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure or any chronic kidney disease, the recommended amount of salt per day for you is 1,500 mg per day.

04. Too much protein

Kidney Damaging Habits

As stated earlier, our kidneys remove waste produce of food especially of protein from our body. If your food is rich in protein or in case if you consume red meat and poultry products more, then your kidneys have to work harder and perform additional and tough task to remove excessive nitrogenous waste products from your body which may deteriorate kidneys functions and can lead to kidney damage.

Health Tip: Don’t eliminate proteins from your diet. Proteins are the crucial elements of our nutrition required for formation of new tissues and proper functioning of body cells. The daily recommended amount of protein intake is 56 grams. Don’t seek the total amount of protein form meat and poultry products, use green leafy vegetables instead.

05. Pain-killer abuse

Kidney Damaging Habits

Pain killer medication or analgesics are often OTC (over the counter) medication that one can take without doctor prescription as and when required. Many people use pain killer medication in high dose and more frequently that result in dysfunctions of many organs especially the liver and kidneys. Researchers found that taking pain killer medication for long time reduces blood supply to the kidneys which results n kidney damage.

Health Tip: Use non-pharmacological pain management strategies instead of using kidney damaging pain killer medications. Always use suitable pain killer medication that is prescribed by physician.

Kidney Damaging Habits

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Are You At Risk of Dengue Fever? Learn How To Prevent It

Dengue Prevention Tips

Dengue Fever is a tropical viral disease caused by Dengue Virus, vector born in nature transmitted by Aedes Aegypti Mosquito (having characteristics zebra like black and white marking on body). The disease outspreads in the season of winter as the mosquito grow best at temperature between 250C to 350C affecting 400 million people yearly (CDC). The disease is more common in densely populated urban areas of Southeast Asia (Pakistan, India and China)

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Currently there is no definite vaccine available at market against Dengue Fever (although there are 6 vaccines in the process of preparation) thus the only preventive way is to “Fight the Bite” by keeping the mosquito away or by limiting the number of mosquito by reducing their habitats

Aedes Aegypti mosquito, unlike female anopheles mosquito of Malaria is active more at daytime rather than night and bites more at dusk and dawn. Thus the following preventive measure should be taken more seriously at that specific time

01. Awareness of Dengue  Fever and Prevention

Dengue Awareness

Dengue Awareness source

  • The first and prime important step to prevent and eliminate dengue from your community is that you must have awareness about what the disease is, when it spread, how the disease occurs, who is responsible for, who is transmitting the disease and how it can be prevented. Take part in Dengue awareness campaign or health education seminars on Dengue to have better understanding or disease and it prevention

 02. Clothing Help Fight the Bite

Wear Protective Clothing

Wear Protective Clothing source

  • Try to cover much of your skin by wearing loose-fitting, light colored clothing (as dark color especially black and blue attract mosquito) during day time or when going outdoor, to protect from mosquito bit.
  • Don’t wear half sleeves shirts or tights as mosquito can bit through tight fitting clothes.
  • Wearing shoes (boots) with socks is ideal than wearing sandals or open shoes

03. Use Some Good Mosquito Repellent

Wear Mosquito Repellent

Wear Mosquito Repellent source

  • Use a good mosquito repellent (those containing Picaridin or DEET are thought to be best) on the exposed areas of your skin including hands & feet, cuff & collars to keep away the Aedes aegypti (Vector of Dengue).
  • If you don’t want to wear mosquito repellent all the day, apply it at least in dawn and dusk.
  • Note: Use these repellent in infants and babies with caution and should not be used in child under two months of age.
  • A traditional way to get rid of mosquito and keep them away from you is to keep Ocimum tenuiflorum or tulsi plant in the room. Tulsi plant is a natural mosquito repellent.

04. Mosquito Killer Works Best

Use Some Mosquito Killer

Use Some Mosquito Killer source

  • Use a good mosquito killer coil, mat or plug-in devices containing liquid insecticide to kill mosquito. Application of liquid insecticide spray directly on the mosquito kill mosquito effectively. Place mosquito coil or apply spray neat the entrance to the room or home such as doors or windows.

 05. Mosquito Net Keep the Vector away

Mosquito Bed Net

Mosquito Bed Net source

  • Although the Aedes aegypti is more active during day time, but still sleeping under mosquito bed net helps to avoid mosquito bit at dawn.
  • Make sure that screens or net over the doors and window are in good conditions and have no hole or space to let mosquito enter the room.

06. Vector Control! Just Eliminate the Mosquito form Surrounding

Guppy Fish

Guppy Fish source

  • Vector means the Dengue transmitting mosquito (Aedes aegypti). This mosquito breeds in stagnant water standing in water storage containers, vases, bowels, old tyres. Don’t let the water stand in these places. Try to keep your environment clean and dry.
  • Frequently changes the water in vases, bowels and tanks. Cover water containers, bamboo pole holders, cans and buckets as these all are potential sites for dengue mosquito breeding.
  • Stagnant water, if not possible to cover or dry, pour kerosene oil to make a thin layer over water prevent the mosquito breeding.
  • In swimming pools or larger water tanks which cannot be cover or put kerosene oil in, the vector control can be achieved using Guppy fish (a small mosquito eating fish). Just release some Guppy fishes into the tank and they will eat the dengue mosquito larva.

07. Isolate the Infected Person

Isolate the Dengue Infected Person

Isolate the Dengue Infected Person source

  • Infected person can be a source of dengue act as a reservoir from where the mosquito can take the germs (dengue virus) and transmit it to you. If (unfortunately) one of your family members is Dengue positive, limit him/her to a separate room and strictly prevent the infected person from mosquito bit as the patient can transmit the virus to mosquito which can be then transmitted to anyone else in the family.
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