10 Proverbs from around the World to learn from

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Following is the list of 10 popular proverbs which have many lessons hide in them.
1.  An army of sheep led by a lion would defeat an army of lions led by a sheep. ~Arabian Proverb~
Aribian Proverb

2.  A light is still a light even though a blind cannot see it. ~Austria Proverb~
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Austrian Proverb

3.  It’s not shameful not to know, but it’s shameful not to ask. ~Azerbaijan Proverb~

Azerbaijan Proverb
4.  After the game, the king and pawn go into the same box. ~Italian Proverb~

Italian Proverb
5.  God gives every bird his worm, but he does not throw it into the nest. ~Swedish Proverb~

Swedish Proverb
6.  A single conversation with a wise man is better than 100 years of study. ~Chinese Proverb~

Chinese Proverb

7.  We learn little from victory, much from defeat. ~Japanese Proverb~

Japanese Proverb
8.  If you want to go fast go alone, if you want to go far, go together. ~African Proverb~

Aferican Proverb
9.  Where there is sunshine, there is also shade. ~Kashmir Proverb~

Kashmiri Proverb
10.  Better to be slapped with the truth than kissed with a lie. ~Russian Proverb~

Russian Proverb

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Top 10 interesting Facts about Viruses

Top 10 interesting Facts about Viruses

1.  Virus – A Nano technology

Nano Virus

Viruses are the example of nanotechnology by nature. Their size ranges between 20 nanometers (0.0002 mm) to 400 nanometers (0.0004 mm). The smaller known virus till to date is Circovirus (usually affect animal causing PCVD) and the biggest one is mimivirus (the causative agent of some form of Viral Pneumonia) which is even bigger than some smaller bacteria. There are even bigger virus discover called mamaviru.

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2.  Viral Chain – Double than the Diameter of Milky Way

Virus and Milky wayThere are millions of viruses in a single drop of water, account for 1031 total viruses on the Earth. If calculated by the total number and the average size of virus (200 nanometers) all of them (lined up end to end) will stretch 108 Light years into space (2 times more than the diameter of Milky Way).

3.  Living or Dead

Virus, The Border Line between Living and non-livingViruses are neither living nor dead entity. They are among the border line of Live and dead. They don’t have their own food metabolism mechanism; they can’t produce energy by their own. But due to ability to replicate (reproduce) themselves Viruses, by some scientist, considered as living thing. Although they can’t reproduce outside the host cell

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4.  Temperature Does matter for Virus

Effect of Temperature on Virus
On average, viruses live on 37 0C for seconds, for minutes on 20 0C, for hour on 10 0C for days on 0 0C and for years on temperature in minus. The hotter temperature of your body during viral infection helps immune system to get rid of viruses. On the other hand, in cold weather, you have more chances to get flu. There are still many ancient viruses living in sub freezing temperature of Antarctica.

5.  Wide Range Of Host

Host range of virus
Viruses are not only the worst enemy of human; they can infect every living organism under the Sun. The virus nature of more rapid genetic diversion enables them to parasitize all groups of Living organisms. Their range of hosts not only limited to men but include animal, plants, insects, Bacteria (infected by Bacteriophages), fungi, protozoa, amoebae their own relatives, yes there are viruses (viriophage) which infect other viruses.

6.  First written Proof of Viral Disease

Person with Poliomyelitis in Ancient drwaings
The first written evidence of a viral infection is dated back to ancient Egypt (3700 B.C), which shows a patient with typical clinical features of poliomyelitis. The first ever discovered virus is Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) discovered by a Russian Microbiologist, Dmitry Ivanovsky in 1892. The first discovered virus causing disease in Human is Yellow Fever virus, discovered by Walter Reed in 1901. Structure of Virus was not been observed until the invention of Electron Microscope in 1931. Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll (both are Germen Engineers) were the first who observe Virus under Electron Microscope.

7.  DNA Vs. RNA Virus

Types Of Virus (RNA virus, DNA virus)
On the basis of genetic material (Ribonucleic acid), Viruses are classifying as either DNA (Double Strand Nucleic Acid) or RNA (Single Strand Nucleic Acid) viruses. Among these types, DNA viruses are stable and while replicating, they make good copies of their genetic material. This can be useful to make vaccines against them. On other hand, RNA viruses are less stable, their genetic material changes quickly due to which it’s hard to make vaccine against them or get vaccinated against the same viral infection repeatedly. (Can you guess HIV belongs to which class?)

8.  Antiviral Drugs – Pseudo Genetic Codes

Antiviral Drugs, Pseudo Genetic Code
Antiviral drugs (such as Acyclovir) are Pseudo (fake) genetic material which is perceived and adopted by viruses as their own replicated genetic martial (RNA or DNA) in cell, using which render the viruses harmless.

9.  Social History of Virus

Traces of Virus found in Ancient human Remains
Traces of Viruses found in ancient human skeleton are used by scientist as a tool or evidence to uncover pre-historic migration by human being. Scientists are tracing prehistoric migration by viruses they carry with themselves.

10.  Friendly Virus

Gene Therapy through Virus
Despite all the harmful effects of virus, there is a useful Medical use of Viruses. They are being used in gene therapy as gene delivery systems for the treatment of various inherited and acquired diseases.
Viruses are the enemy of our enemies (bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa), they helping us by killing them as well.

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Top 10 Interesting Human Psychological Facts

10 interesting Psychological Facts

1. LiesLying

Lies – The average person tells 4 lies a day, 28 lies a week, 1460 a year and a total of 87,600 till they are 60. The most common lie of which is ‘I’m fine’. It is said that lying is the second thing Human develop soon after they learn to walk. (a 2 year old baby can lie too). People who lie more are good at detecting other people’s lie.

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2. Smile

Smile to make your self happy

Smile – Smiling can make you feel happier and energetic, even if you are in bad mood, smile will immediately improve your mood, even thinking about smile and using the face muscle is enough to trigger the happy chemicals (Endorphin and Dopamine) in your brain.

3. Placebo

Power of Placebo

Placebo effect: Placebos (when a substance is perceived as a drug, has effect as a drug) can be as good as real treatment. The placebo effect is a scientific proof that our thoughts are powerful enough to bring things into existence and have the ability to heal our self.

4. Feeling Sad

Sad vs Happy

A psychological study suggest that when your are sad, you feel all the people around you happy, and similarly when you are single, all you see are happy couples – when you are in relation, you see happy singles.

5. Multitasking

Multitasking

Performing many tasks at once or multitasking is not the inborn ability of human brain but research suggests that you can train your brain for Multi-tasking. Women brain, as compared to men, is more capable of multitasking at same time, they tend to listen to phone calls and watch TV show while cooking. Although multitasking reduces efficiency of work because we have to allocate different cognitive resources to different tasks and have to shift between different thought processes quickly.

6. Creativity

Creativity

Creativity: People are more creative in rooms colored blue, more creative in night and least in afternoon. However daydreaming and naps in noon can help with creative thinking. Left-handed people are more creative than right-handed.

7. Dreams

Dreams

On average, human brain forget 90% of what it dream about, but people who fall in Love remember 30% more dreams.

8. Blaming

Blaming Others

In a bad situation, Humans tend to blame other people rather than circumstance. In a quarrel with neighbors, it’s your neighbors who always wrong.

9. Thought Suppression

Suppression

Trying to suppress or avoid your thoughts actually makes you think more about it. Similarly trying to forget about your Ex and there is more chance to fall in love again with him/her.

10 . Group Decision and Brainstorming

Group Decision

Group are bad at decision making, similarly brainstorming (group discussion to generate ideas) doesn’t work  because people in group are less active and more worried about what others think. So when it comes to generate great ideas and make decision, it is better to think alone.

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5 Most Weird Phobias that are Unbelievable !!!

5 Most Weird Phobias

Phobia is a Psychological disorder which can be defined as an irrational and irresistible  fear of something which is usually not that much scary to others. Following is a list and explanation of Five most Weird Phobias.

1. Geliophobia  – Fear of Laughter

Geliophobia (Fear of Laugh)


Geliophobia or gelophobia (The Laughter Phobia, from Greek “gelo” meaning “laugh”) is the fear of one’s own laughter or of others or both. The root cause of Geliophobia may be internal (genetic predisposition or heredity) or external traumatic event. The person may experience anxiety, palpitation, dryness of mouth, inability to articulate word and hand tremors, depending upon his level of fear, when hear the someone laughing.

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 2. Coulrophobia  – Fear of  Clown

Coulrophobia (Fear Of Clown)

Coulrophobia is extreme and irrational fear of clowns. This type is relatively present in children but can also found in teenager and adults. Although the cause may not known but it is sometime results from a traumatize experience with one personally or seeing “scary clowns” with their weird appearance in comics and films. A well-known example of such film is Steven Spielberg horror film “IT” (telecast in 1990s) depicting clown as a murder.

 3. Taphophobia – Fear of Buried alive

Taphophobia (Fear of Buried Alive)

Taken from Greek “taphos” mean grave, Technophobia is the fear of being buried alive.  History reveals that there have been many people who were being accidentally buried alive and the victims of Taphophobia have the same concern to worry about. The number of such cases was quit high in 17th and 18th centuries where people due to certain diseases gone to coma state but had been declared as deceased and were place in grave.

 4. Spectrophobia – Fear of Looking in Mirrors

Spectrophobia(Fear of Mirrors)

Spectrophobia is a morbid fear of looking in mirrors. It is a psychological condition which stem from one of several factors including ones’ dislike appearance or low self esteem, seeing one’s own reflection in darkness as it distorted in strange way, the sufferer may fear the breaking of mirror accidently (which is consider to brought extreme bad luck for them) or any unknown cause. These condition impacts greatly on the victim routine life as the reflective surfaces are common in everywhere.

5. Mneomphobia – Irrational Fear of Memories

Mnemophobia (Fear of Memories)

 For many people, memories are there precious but for the people with Mnemophobia, Memories are the horrifying. People with Mnemophobia are scared of remembering or losing their past memories (as in case of Alzheimer’s disease or other form of Dementia). Victims may have fear of all memories in general or specific fear of certain bad memories due to past traumatic event.

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10 Amazing facts about Bacteria

Top 10 Amazing Facts about Bacteria

Bacterial Fossils Bacteria are the oldest living organism on Earth. Their 3.5 billion years sold fossils are found
Bacterial Biomass Bacteria make largest biomass on Earth (half of total biomass) more than plants and animal (a single gram of Soil contains about 40 million bacterial cells; an mL of fresh water contains 1 million bacteria). They produce more oxygen on the other than all the plants.
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10x-more-Bacteria-on-Body Bacteria found 10 times greater in numbers on Human body than own body cell (100 Trillion As compare to 10 Trillion Human Body Cells) collectively all these Bacteria weighs 4 pound. But fortunately most of them are harmless or even useful.
Bacteria on Sweat Pores Our sweat is Odorless, the foul smell of sweat is due to Bacterial Normal flora on skin. They mingle with perspiration and produce Odor.
Bacterial Transformation Bacteria adopt genetic change more rapidly which results in new disease and resistance to drugs. Due to this ability, Bacteria are greatly used in Genetic researches.
Bacteria Can Store Data Bacteria are capable to store data. A gram of E. coli (a type of Bacteria) can store more data than a traditional 90 GB Hard disk drive.
Bacteria in Hot Spring Bacteria found on the places where life is not possible. These places including dead sea, Radio Active waste, Acidic Hot spring, and deep Earth Crust)
bacterial Spores When not in a favorable condition, Bacteria cover itself in a highly resistance material to convert into spores to bare extreme condition.  Some form of Bacterial spore can bare 500 0C temperature)
Bacterial Growth Bacteria have high growth rate. They reproduce by Binary Fission (a from of asexual reproduction ) and may reproduce from one cell into 1 million in just 4 hours(double in number each 10 to 20 minutes)
Genetically Engineered Bacteria Bacteria can be engineered genetically to be useful for human being. They can synthesis useful substances (i.e. Insulin, Vitamins) or drugs (i.e. Antibiotics) for human being.

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Proof of Ancient Aliens Visits and Interaction with Humans

Proof Of Ancient Aliens Visit to the EarthProof Of Ancient Aliens Visit to the Earth

Are we alone in the universe? Or, is there any extra terrestrials creatures in our neighbors? If yes, had they ever visited us? Did they made contact with us? Had they ever play role in development of our culture and modern technologies? These questions always wondered the human and for which they seeks answer.

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Many scientist, archeologist and alien theorists say yes for the presence of alien and claim that earth was visited in past by intelligent extra terrestrials being who made contact with humans and helped shape human civilization, culture, religions and technologies.

Scientist found many clues scattered throughout the world, suggested that alien could have visited the earth long ago. Aliens like strange humanoid creatures and flying objects similar to UFO (quite same as today’s reported modern UFOs and aliens) are depicted in paintings, found in some religious text (which mentioned flying cars or flying chariots) and the presence of astronauts like stone sculptures from ancient culture. On the bases of these evidences, scientists claim the presence of ancient aliens or astronauts. Although there are many opponents to the theory, here are few evidence of ancient aliens existence, after looking at which, it’s up to you to believe or disbelieve the theory.

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