Kidneys are among the vital body organs that not only filter and purify our blood from waste products but perform many other tasks such as to maintain homeostasis of our body, maintain fluid-elector lye balance and enhance the formation of Red Blood Cells. Therefore to stay health, we need health kidneys.
01. Not drinking adequate Water
You may have notice that the color of Urine becomes darken when you don’t stay well hydrate. This indicates that our kidneys requires sufficient amount of water in blood to function properly. As all of you know, the main function of kidneys is to remove waste products from our body that are the end products of metabolism of food; especially protein, and drugs. To do this crucial job, kidneys need to have sufficient blood supply. In case if we don’t drink enough water or remain dehydrated, the volume of blood decreases (called hypovolumia) which results in insufficient supply of blood to the vital organs, kidneys are one of them. The low blood supply results in improper functioning of kidneys and lead toward kidney damage.
Health Tip: you may heard or read that 8 glass of water a day is enough but The National Kidney Foundation suggests to drink at least 12 glasses of water a day to keep your kidney healthy.
02. Ignoring the Urge to Void, Long term bladder full
It is best to void earlier when you feel the urge to void. Retaining urine in bladder, along with many other urinary tract problems such as infection and incontinence, can damage your kidneys too. Our bladder has the capacity to stretch and accumulate up to 600 ml of urine at a time. Although you may feel the urge to void when the urine in bladder reaches 250 or 300 ml, retaining urine for long times in your bladder can increase the pressure on your kidneys and will eventually lead to incontinence and failure.
Health Tips: Don’t keep it for long. Listen to nature calls, don’t delay it. Empty your bladders as soon as you feel need to void.
03. Consuming too much sodium/Salt
Along with removal of waster products from our body, maintaining water-electrolytes balance is another job that our kidneys perform perfectly if don’t alter by us. We can stress our kidneys by taking too much electrolytes especially sodium which is found in table salt. By taking more slat than the recommended amount (more than 2,300 mg per day), we may disturbed the normal and proper functioning of our kidneys and will keep them busy more in excreting out the excessive sodium from our body which will lead to kidney damage.
Health Tip: Take the recommended amount of salt that is 2,300. In case if you have diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure or any chronic kidney disease, the recommended amount of salt per day for you is 1,500 mg per day.
04. Too much protein
As stated earlier, our kidneys remove waste produce of food especially of protein from our body. If your food is rich in protein or in case if you consume red meat and poultry products more, then your kidneys have to work harder and perform additional and tough task to remove excessive nitrogenous waste products from your body which may deteriorate kidneys functions and can lead to kidney damage.
Health Tip: Don’t eliminate proteins from your diet. Proteins are the crucial elements of our nutrition required for formation of new tissues and proper functioning of body cells. The daily recommended amount of protein intake is 56 grams. Don’t seek the total amount of protein form meat and poultry products, use green leafy vegetables instead.
05. Pain-killer abuse
Pain killer medication or analgesics are often OTC (over the counter) medication that one can take without doctor prescription as and when required. Many people use pain killer medication in high dose and more frequently that result in dysfunctions of many organs especially the liver and kidneys. Researchers found that taking pain killer medication for long time reduces blood supply to the kidneys which results n kidney damage.
Health Tip: Use non-pharmacological pain management strategies instead of using kidney damaging pain killer medications. Always use suitable pain killer medication that is prescribed by physician.