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New Aluminum Battery Will Bring Many Changes in Smartphones

New Ultra-fast Charging Aluminum Battery

Well Dreams come true. The future of smartphones will be more bright and long lasting and soon we will have wearable and flexible Smartphone with an extreme battery life with the invention of new aluminum battery that is safer, cheaper with ultrafast charging and long lasting power than the traditional lithium-ion batteries.

Smartphone goes advance day by day. Latest smartphones come with new features, slim design, heavy hardware, ultimate graphics and High Resolution Cameras for photo capturing and video recording. All these features requires a powerful battery to gives the phone long life for days so that the user can enjoy all of the features while going on outing. In recent years, there are so many changes and advancement in the Smartphone shape, configuration and features but the battery remains same.


Traditional lithium ion batteries were not enough to stand up for days and the Smartphone users often carry a pair of extra battery (if the phone comes with exchangeable battery) and charger or power bank with plugin-in cable to keep their phone running everywhere they go. Now all of that are going to change in future with invention of new aluminum ion batteries.

Announced on April 6, 2015, Hongjie Dai, professor of chemistry at Stanford University, says that “Aluminum batteries will soon replace the traditional lithium-ion batteries in Smartphones and from other gadgets”. He further explains the battery and said “This is a simple piece of aluminum that is cheaper and safer than today’s the conventional lithium-ion battery”. Regarding the safety and efficacy of the battery, Hongjie Dai stated “Our new battery won’t catch fire, even if you drill through it. You can bend the battery and it will still work”. Regarding the manufacturing of the battery to be availed for commercial use, Hongjie Dai and his team said that “Several companies expressed interest to license the technology and make products. This new aluminum ion battery will be available soon in market and will integrate in Smartphone soon because of its simple design”.

Here are some key features of this new invention that will bring revolution in the Smartphone’s industry:

New Ultra-fast Charging Aluminum Battery

Ultrafast charging

The new Aluminum ion battery has high speed charging capability and can charge in just one minute. That is too fast than today conventional lithium ion battery which takes somewhat 30 minute to 1 hour to get fully charge. Some either take 2 hours.

Flexible Battery

Unlike the rigid lithium ion battery, Aluminum-ion battery is much flexible can bend easily and so the Smartphone using Aluminum Battery. So we will have flexible and wearable Smartphone in near future.



As far as the safety is concern, the new aluminum ion battery is much safer than the one right now in your Smartphone. Aluminum ion battery will not get fire or blast even if you make a hole in it.


Well easily available components of the new aluminum ion battery will make it cheaper than our current lithium ion battery. It will also influence the cost of Smartphone as well

Long lasting

One of the distinct features that will fall you in love with the upcoming aluminum battery is its long life. The battery will standby for days so you don’t need to carry the bulky power banks, charges, cables or extra pair of battery with your future Smartphone

Long Life Cycle

The aluminum battery has a great life cycle and unlike the conventional lithium-ion battery, aluminum ion battery can charge easily more than 7500 times without any significant change in the battery life or performance.


Simple, easy to manufacture

Again, due to simple structure and easily available ingredients of this new aluminum ion battery, it will be easy to manufacture and of course more economic therefore.

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5 Recently Extinct Animals That You’ll Miss in 2015

5 Recently Extinct Animals That You’ll Miss in 2015

5. Passenger Pigeon

Recently Extinct Passenger Pigeon

Passenger Pigeon Source

Passenger Pigeon was a common bird in North America which tends to have large flock with billion of birds in it just 200 year ago. But then the tragic part of the Passenger Pigeon occurs where this beautiful bird were hunted to extinct because their meat was commercialized for profit and sold at very cheap rate. The commercialization of the meat of Passenger Pigeon lead to massive hunting comparing against the bird which wipe-out all pigeons from the earth. The last Pigeon of this species, named Martha were kept in Cincinnati Zoo which was died alone there on September 1914. Now, no single bird of this species left behind.


4. Thylacine, the Tasmanian tiger

Recently Extinct Tasmanian Tiger

Last Tasmanian Tiger “Benjamin” Source

Despite the name and shape of this extinct animal was neither a tiger nor a dog rather they are the carnivorous marsupial which were the largest known Carnivorous marsupial of its time. In contrast to their name, Tasmanian Tigers were harmless to human but hunted to extinct because the farmer believe that this creature is responsible for killing their sheep, goats and small farm animals. Inhabiting the Tasmania and Australia Thylacine were being recognized in 1936 as being at risk of becoming extinct. The last Tasmanian tiger was died on September 07 of the same year (1936) in Hobart Zoo of Tasmania.


3. Golden Toad

Recently Extinct Golden Toad

Golden Toad Source

This small beautiful Golden Organ colored Toad, named as Golden Toad after its Golden color, was first discovered by Jay Savage, a herpetologist in 1966. Inhabited in the tropical forests of Montverde, Costa Rica, the species were not in danger to become extinct till 1987 and were found in large number there. But due to weather changes, the pools which were their breeding sites were dried and there were only 29 Toads left behind. In 1989 the researchers found the single male of the species and up till now, even after extensive searches, the researches failed to search out even a single Golden Toad.

2. Pyrenean Ibex

Recently Extinct Pyrenean Ibex

Pyrenean Ibex Source

Found in the Pyrenean Mountain range of Spain, France and Andorra, Pyrenean Ibex is the only extinct animal that was clone after its extinction but a few minutes after the reborn of the Pyrenean Ibex, the animal become extinct again as the cloned one died due to lung failure. This animal was extinct because of continuous persecution by human being. There were about 100 animals of the species found in the beginning of 20th century and in 1981, there were 30 individuals of the Pyrenean Ibex reported. The last member of this species named Celia was died on the 6th January 2000 at the age of 13 and the Pyrenean Ibex were announced as the extinct animal.

1. Caribbean Monk Seal

Recently Extinct Caribbean Monk Seal

Caribbean Monk Seal Source

Caribbean Monk seal is one of the most recently extinct species officially declared as the extinct animal on 6th June 2008. As the name suggest, the seal was native to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and the only recognized seal of Caribbean Sea.

Discovered by Columbus along with his team on his second journey America in 1494, the Caribbean seal extinct because of human. Hunting of this seal was start by Columbus and his colleagues for food, the Caribbean seal were hunted massively to get the oil and food from the seal and become declared as extinct species in 2008.

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Know The Important Facts About Ebola That Matters

10 Must Know Ebola Facts

10 Must Know Ebola Facts

Important Facts About Ebola [source: en.wikipedia.org]

01. What is Ebola?

 Ebola disease, also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever or Ebola is a severe viral disease caused by an RNA virus, the Ebola virus.

The first case of Ebola disease or Ebola hemorrhagic fever was reported in Democratic Republic of Congo at 1976. The disease is widespread in West Africa with 14, 413 victims are reported till to date, half of these are died short after the appearance of sign and symptoms of Ebola disease.[AdSense-A]

Ebola disease is the major health concerns for many Governments around the world for which they developed strict planning to prevent Ebola outbreaks in their countries.

02. How Ebola transmitted


Ebola Transmission to Human [source: en.wikipedia.org]

Although it is known that human is not the natural host of Ebola virus but it is not totally clear that which specie is the natural host for Ebola virus and how the disease is transmitted to human. Scientist believes that the virus of Ebola disease is transmitted to human by contact with wild infected animals. A group of scientists believe that this disease might spread from chimpanzees, forest antelopes, or cynomolgus monkeys by having contact with them or by eating their brain while most of other believes that the virus is transmitted from fruit bats by their bits or eating their meat as food (bushmeat).

During outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever, the person to person spear of disease can occurs as a result of direct contact with the infected person’s (or the one who died from the disease) body fluids including blood, semen, sweat, vomit, spit, feces and urine. The entry points for the virus to the body of host including mouth, nose, eyes, skin breakdown & cuts, open wounds and abrasion.

Contact with contaminated objects (medical equipment, syringes, needles) and infected animals can too transmit the Ebola virus to healthy host.

03. Symptoms of Ebola

Symptoms of Ebola Disease

Symptoms of Ebola Disease [source: en.wikipedia.org]

Like most Viral diseases, the initial symptoms of Ebola disease are quite similar to common cold or flu i.e. headache, body aches, muscle ache, sore throat, intense weakness & exhaustion and fever, making Ebola difficult to diagnose. Later it affects gastrointestinal system and patient develops diarrhea, vomiting, severe gastrointestinal pain, altered liver and kidney functions

This course of disease is followed by goriest part when the disease turned into hemorrhagic fever and the victim started internal bleeding, have bloody diarrhea, vomit blood, develop bruises as well as spontaneous bleeding from eyes, ears and the skin turned into blisters. Not all but most of the cases died shortly once the disease turned to hemorrhagic fever due to cardiovascular collapse and shock.

The incubation period of the Ebola disease, means the time it took to develop sign and symptoms of disease after being infected with virus is 2 to 21 days.

04. Ebola Vaccine

Ebola Vaccine

Ebola Vaccine [source: flicker.com]

Till to date, there is no any vaccine exist to prevent people to become infected with Ebola disease but governments are looking for the prevention of disease by funding public health officials and sinking millions of dollars for the research and development process of vaccine. Trials of vaccine on human are underway however animal study show positive progress. Some vaccines tried on monkeys have shown great results and prevented the monkeys to become infected with Ebola virus and even cure some already infected monkeys. But for now you have to follow the preventive measured and guidelines as instructed by government to lower the risk of infection.

05. Treatment of Ebola

Treatment for Ebola

Treatment for Ebola [source: en.wikipedia.org]

Currently there is no specific treatment or cure for Ebola, only supportive symptomatic treatment can be given to the patient according to the symptoms. This including the painkiller medicines, initiation of IV fluid replacement, administration of supplemental oxygen and initiation of inotropic support to maintain blood pressure. All these measures make the patient comfortable and improve the chance of patient’s survival but cannot cure the illness completely.

However there are some experimental medicines tried over the infected cases which show effective results. The medicines were mostly the blood serums (having antibodies) from animal exposed to and survived Ebola.

06. Current Outbreak

Current outbreak Ebola

Current outbreak Ebola [source: en.wikipedia.org]

Although Ebola virus was first appeared in 1976 in Democratic Republic of Congo, current outbreak of disease is most intense and widespread, infected 14, 413 persons mostly from countries of West Africa including Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia with additional cases reported in Senegal, Nigeria and reached to Spain, Mali and United States Mali. Among these 14, 413 victims of Ebola disease, half are died due to complication of the disease.

07. Ebola in America

Ebola is now not only limited to the Central or West Africa. Its roots reached to America and the first case reported in August 2nd, 2014 where a 33 year old doctor Kent Brantley returned back to America from Liberia infected with Ebola. Luckily the case was treated successfully, survived the disease and released virus free.

08. Proton down Lab Ebola Experiment

Proton Down Lab Ebola Experiment

Proton Down Lab Ebola Experiment [source: pixabay.org]

As most of people think and reflected in Hollywood movies, many of the diseases were thought to be results of secret research experiments by some “Bad Doctors” or Government agencies to use them as biological weapons, there is an incident happened in Proton down Lab for applied Microbiology in England on 5th November, 1976 where during research on Ebola virus, a researches pricked his thumb with contaminated needle. The researcher ill few days later helps the scientist familiar with the nature of disease, providing initial data about the disease and let them know how much dangerous the diseases is.

09. Quarantine and Pre – Post Travel screening are important

Ebola Isolation

Ebola Isolation Bed [source: en.wikipedia.org]

Are you about to travel to an Ebola suspected region? First let go through the preventive measures or guidelines issue by the government. There is a strict screening process which you have to face if you were in the Ebola suspected region and returned back to your country. If you are positive with the symptoms of Ebola, you may be put in isolation (Quarantine) from other for several days till you get free from virus. This might not help you but may prevent others in your country to get infected with Ebola.

10. How Ebola gets its Name

Ebola Named After Ebola River

Ebola Named After Ebola River [source: en.wikipedia.org]

Last but not least, after all terrible facts and information on Ebola disease, here is some interesting information about the disease name. The disease got its name after the Ebola River as the disease first appears in a village of Democratic Republic of Congo close to Ebola River.

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10 Interesting Facts About Human Body



1. Stomach is full of a strong digestive acid the HCL, which (in specific duration of time) can digest bones but don’t worry, stomach cannot eat itself because the lining of stomach renew itself quickly than the acid digest.[AdSense-A]

2.  Lungs consist of 300,000 millions capillaries (tiny blood vessels) which is queued end to end would stretch up to 1500 miles. If all the blood vessels in human body were placed end to end, they would stretch up to 25000 miles, enough to circle the globe.

3. It is always confusing and most of us think the liver or the brain as the largest organ of the body. But the largest organ of our body is skin (integument). It weighs 8 to 10 pounds (triple the weight of Brain and liver together) making 15% of total body weight. If stretch out, the skin would cover the surface area of 16 to 22 square feet or 2 square meters.

4.  Human bones are 4 times stronger than concert (especially the bone of thigh or femur bone). A cubic inch of bone can bear the load of 19000 lbs.

5.  The largest proportion of dust on our bed, table and Television is the cells that shads from our skin. Human skin is continually shad dead cells on an astonishing rate of 30,000 to 40,000 cells per minutes and about 8 pounds per year. During half of our life, our skin shads approximately 80 kg of dead cells

6. Salivary glands in our mouth produce about 0.5 to 0.7 ml saliva per minute (up to 3 ml per minutes when you see or eat delicious food) making 1.5 liter per day. In this perspective, we can produce enough saliva to fill up to two swimming pools

7.  On average, the testicles produce 10 million sperms each day. Enough to repopulate the entire world in just 6 months.

8. On an average day, ocular muscles which helps to focus eye, is move about 100,000 times. To put that in perspective, this would be same as walking 50 miles every day for our leg muscles

9.  A postage-stamp sized piece of circumcised foreskin (prepuce) takes only 21 days to grow enough to cover 3 basket ball courts. The circumcised foreskin is frequently grown in lab and is used as a skin graft while treating deep burns.

10.  Among all the mammalian, Humans are the only mammal who cannot swallow and breath at very same time.

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Hi-Tech Night Vision Capable Contact Lenses and Cell Phones

Night Vision Contact Lenses

Although Night vision technology is not new and have been around us from many decades emerged dated back in 1970, but the devices for night vision are big and bulky, wearing which on your night jaunt will surely not be a smart idea. Currently existing night vision devices or the clunky, huge goggles are used by army to take over the enemy in night or by professional wildlife researchers while they are in forest.[AdSense-A]

But what if you have the same technology fit in your eyes?
What if you have night vision enables cell phones or cameras?
Yeah, this will be really cool.

Thanks to the team of researchers leading by Zhaohui Zhing at University of Michigan, USA, we will soon have contact lenses with the capability to sense infrared and ultraviolet lights renders our eyes to see in darkness.

The team is doing research on Graphene (a thin layer of pure carbon) using it on contact lenses will give the lens the power to sense non-visible infrared and ultraviolet light plus visible lights and, as heard through some sources, can enhance ambient light up to 200 percent.

These lenses will have several advantages over the conventional night vision goggles as these lenses will be more comfortable to use, provide full peripheral vision and sure, will be less expensive.

The technology will not only limited to contact lenses but can also be integrated with camera phones and other visual gadgets.

The lenses would probably used by military in war field mostly but you too can enjoy the power of night vision even while walking home in dark late night or go for a night-time journey through jungle. These lenses may help medical professional to sense the blood flow in patients body and can aid in historian and artists eyes to analyze the old paintings or sculptures.



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10 Cool and Interesting Facts about Fungi


Fungi are of the diverse organisms that hold many interesting facts and secretes. They are unicellular microscopic to Multicelluar Macroscopic organisms which contribute its role in the various aspects of Life on the Earth.
Read some interesting facts about fungi below.[AdSense-A]

1. Primary Decomposer – Eco friendly Organism

Wood Decomposition by fungi

Fungi are the primary agents and the major contributors in Global Carbon Cycle and bio-degradation or decomposition of dead plants, animal and wood debris. On an average, about EIGHTY- FIVE BILLION tons of carbon in the form of Carbon Dioxide is returned annually to the atmosphere mainly by fungi. They remain active in winter and at low temperature (as low as -7 degree Celsius) where other decomposers (e.g. bacteria) shut down. Although the process of degradation by fungi is slow. It will take almost 100 or even more years for fungi to decompose a hardwood trunk.
(Note: In order to prevent food from fungal decay, you have to store it on temperature lower than -18 C, as they remain active on below zero temperature)

2. The Oldest & Largest Living Organism On the Earth

Largest Organism on the Earth

Fungi are one of the oldest organisms existing on the earth. Their 545 million years old fossils are found in Russia. They are not just one of the oldest species but the largest organism on the earth as well. Yes, it seems strange but true, Fungi are the largest organism on the Earth. Armillary ostoyae (discovered in 1998) occupies 2, 384 acres or 10 square Km (equal to 1665 football fields) weigh about 605 matric tons , hold the record as the Earth largest organism. Armillaria ostoyae is not just the largest but the oldest living creature on the earth, which is on an estimate, 24,000 to 8650 years old.


3. The Fastest Living Organism as Well

Fungi Spores

The fastest living organism on the earth is fungi. Hat throwing fungi distempers and ejects their spores at a remarkable speed which is 100 to 200 times faster than the speed of sound. The spores have enough force to pull a 20 G object. Human eyes are unable to detect the speed of fungi spores ejection with unaided eyes; scientists recorded the speed of fungal spores being ejected with an ultra high speed camera and slow down the frame rate 10,000 times to be able to see them.

4. Neither Plants Nor Animal, The Belong to Kingdom Fungi

Kingdom Fungi

Fungi can be unicellular (yeast), multi-cellular (molds, mushrooms) or dimorphic (both forms). They resemble somewhat to the cells of plants (as they have cell wall around their cells) and animals (as they don’t have chlorophyll and water vacuole). On other hand, some of their characteristics are quite different from animals and plants, thus they have their own kingdom.

 5.  Fungi – Parasitic enemy, Mutualistic Friends

Saprophytics fungi

Fungi, unlike plants and some bacteria, don’t have chlorophyll in their cell bodies, thus unable to make nutrition by their own. They get nourishment by many ways including Parasitic activity with their host as they can parasites human and other plants, Symbiosis or mutualistics association with plants where they attached with the roots of higher plants help the absorption of water and minerals, protect the roots against the attacks of other parasitic fungi and in turn get nutrition from the plants. Some fungi are Saprophytes in nature and get feed from dead organic material of plants. The digestion mechanism of fungi is distinguish in the sense that they excrete enzymes (Exo-enzymes) outside their body to get the plant debris digest first and then absorb nutrition from it (Exo-digestion).

6. They dominate the field of Medicine

Fungi Chinese Medicine

Fungi are used in the field of medicine from about 4500 years. Chinese herbalists were the first who used the brackets fungi in the medicine to promote long live.  Today we get a number of antibiotics from fungi, which helps us to kill bacteria and defended infection. Few of these precious drugs are Penicillin, Griseofulvin, Cephalosporin etc. Recent studies and researches on fungi shows that they have inhibitory effects against caners cells and viruses.

7. But They also Cause Diseases

Athlete's Foot

There is over 1.5 to 5 million species of fungi but only 5% of which are classified. Most of them are harmless to human and some even useful but few of them causes diseases or infections (called Mycosis) in human. Athletes Foot, Oral Thrush, Vaginal Thrush, and Ring worm infection of skin are some common examples of disease caused by fungi. Fungi also cause harm to the industry of silk as they cause killing of silkworms early 1800s in Europe (this, also, is the first ever evidence of fungal disease).

8. Fungi – A handy Tool for Researchers


Fungi play a wide role in research. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, (Baker’s yeast), a kind of unicellular fungi is the first organism (and Eukaryotic cell) which have their genome decoded. They also play role in researches in the field of Medicine as their cells are somewhat similar to human cells (Both are eukaryotes)

 9. We Eat and Drink Fungi almost daily, but how?

Fungi used in Baking industeries

Fungi are used widely in food and beverage industries. We consume the products obtained from fungi on daily basis. Citric acid used in soft drinks, artificial juices and candies are actually produced by fungi as a result of fermentation in food industries. They also used in the production of beers, spirits and wines etc. Other than beverages, fungi have majored role in baked products such as Breads, Pizza and cheeses. Soon fungi will used in industries to produce Protein “Fungal Protein” as an alternative to meat.

10. We inhale them as well

Fungi Live with us

The air we breathe in contain more than 10,000 fungal spores per cubic meter, they grow easily in our housed mainly in basements and bathrooms where fungi emitted toxic gases and can cause mold allergies. The gases emitted by fungi are among the causes of “sick building syndrome”.


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Difference between Biological and Computer virus

Interesting features and differences between Biological and Computer Viruses

Biological Viruses (or Human Viruses) are Nanotechnology by Nature while computer viruses are infectious agent by made by humans. Most often the people think Biological viruses and Computer viruses as a same entity, although both cause infection and damage to their host (or target) and some of their features & characteristics are same but they are quite different from each other. Following table enlists some interesting main difference between Biological Virus and Computer Viruses[AdSense-A]

1. Living – non living

Biological Virus
Biological viruses are living (at least to some extent) biological entity who can reproduce itself

Computer Virus
Computer viruses are non – living at all, they are manmade malicious computer coding which are programmed to perform specific functions

2. Host

Biological Virus
They are living, thus infects living things. Biological Viruses can infect all form of life including Human, Animals, Plants, Insects, Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi, Archae and other viruses (Yes, there are some viriophage exist)

Computer Virus
They are programmed, thus made impact on programs (softwares) Computer viruses infect mostly PCs, Servers, websites and software. Computer viruses mostly targets PCs with MS windows Operating system and rarely other Operating System.

3. History

Biological Virus
The history of Biological virus’s evolution is dated back where the Life begins; they are as old as bacteria (about 2.5 billion year). The first written and proven case of viral infection is depicted on 3700 B.C old ancient painting which shows the case of poliomyelitis.

Computer Virus
The first computer virus was “Creepy” virus which is written (coded) in 1971 by Bob Thomas. This virus remotely spread and copied itself, just show the message “I am creepy, catch me if you can”.

4. Components

Biological Virus
As a biological entity or living organism, Biological virus contain genetic material (in the form of RNA or DNA), covered by a coat of protein (called Capsid) and sometime by a lipid Envelop

Computer Virus
A computer virus is not more than a few lines of code. It contains a script or code of programming language written in C, C++ or other assembly languages.

5. Mechanism of action

Biological Virus
Biological viruses infect their host after they enter the host body and reach inside the cell where the virus uses the host genetic material (DNA or RNA )to replicate and expend their population

Computer Virus
Computer viruses, similarly infect computers when they enter and reach the registry (or the specific components/area for which they are programmed) where they cause the damage (usually hiding or disabling some files or functions) 

6. Types

Biological Virus
Classify by many ways, mostly by the body system which the biological virus infect. Their types include Neuroviruses, Enteroviruses, Rhino viruses, Respiratory viruses, etc.

Structurally their classification include RNA viruses and DNA viruses


Computer Virus
Classify by the components or subsystem of the host which they infects. Their types includes, system viruses, Macro viruses (infect application e.g.MS Word, MS Outlook) and Boot sector viruses (which target Master Boot Record).

Programmatically their types include .exe viruses, .COM viruses or  a batch files (.bat) virus

7. Hazards

Biological Virus
They causes severe damage to the organ or system they involved which may be reversible (as in case of Hepatitis A, Flu) or lifelong irreversible (i.e. Poliomyelitis, Rabies or Hepatitis C viruses)

Computer Virus
They causes damage to the system or component of the PC which they infect and can result in burden on system memory, system crush and permanent lost of a document or a file or other data.

8. Benefits

Biological Virus
Biological viruses to some extent, are helpful and beneficial in the sense that they are being used in gene therapy to introduce therapeutic genetic material to the diseased cell (e.g. in case of cancer)

Computer Virus
Computer viruses, till to date, has no any beneficial role. They always cause damage and lost to the system am data.

9. Prevention

Biological Virus
Biological viruses are preventable by getting vaccinated against them. Vaccines (or even some viruses) help our boy to develop immunity against the occurrence or re-occurrence of the same disease again.

Computer Virus
Well, there is no such scenario in case of computer viruses, even with having a powerful Antivirus or fire wall on your system, your system may still got infected, as the developer continually write the malicious code and it across networks to get their job done.

10. Treatment

Biological Virus
Biological viruses can be treated to some extent with Antiviral drugs e.g. Acyclovir or you can get symptomatic treatment against them.

Computer Virus
Computer viruses can be detect and remove with the help of Antivirus. But still it is unpredictable how much damage they can left or made to the system and some time you need to re-install the operating system

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