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5 Recently Extinct Animals That You’ll Miss in 2015

5 Recently Extinct Animals That You’ll Miss in 2015

5. Passenger Pigeon

Recently Extinct Passenger Pigeon

Passenger Pigeon Source

Passenger Pigeon was a common bird in North America which tends to have large flock with billion of birds in it just 200 year ago. But then the tragic part of the Passenger Pigeon occurs where this beautiful bird were hunted to extinct because their meat was commercialized for profit and sold at very cheap rate. The commercialization of the meat of Passenger Pigeon lead to massive hunting comparing against the bird which wipe-out all pigeons from the earth. The last Pigeon of this species, named Martha were kept in Cincinnati Zoo which was died alone there on September 1914. Now, no single bird of this species left behind.

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4. Thylacine, the Tasmanian tiger

Recently Extinct Tasmanian Tiger

Last Tasmanian Tiger “Benjamin” Source

Despite the name and shape of this extinct animal was neither a tiger nor a dog rather they are the carnivorous marsupial which were the largest known Carnivorous marsupial of its time. In contrast to their name, Tasmanian Tigers were harmless to human but hunted to extinct because the farmer believe that this creature is responsible for killing their sheep, goats and small farm animals. Inhabiting the Tasmania and Australia Thylacine were being recognized in 1936 as being at risk of becoming extinct. The last Tasmanian tiger was died on September 07 of the same year (1936) in Hobart Zoo of Tasmania.

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3. Golden Toad

Recently Extinct Golden Toad

Golden Toad Source

This small beautiful Golden Organ colored Toad, named as Golden Toad after its Golden color, was first discovered by Jay Savage, a herpetologist in 1966. Inhabited in the tropical forests of Montverde, Costa Rica, the species were not in danger to become extinct till 1987 and were found in large number there. But due to weather changes, the pools which were their breeding sites were dried and there were only 29 Toads left behind. In 1989 the researchers found the single male of the species and up till now, even after extensive searches, the researches failed to search out even a single Golden Toad.

2. Pyrenean Ibex

Recently Extinct Pyrenean Ibex

Pyrenean Ibex Source

Found in the Pyrenean Mountain range of Spain, France and Andorra, Pyrenean Ibex is the only extinct animal that was clone after its extinction but a few minutes after the reborn of the Pyrenean Ibex, the animal become extinct again as the cloned one died due to lung failure. This animal was extinct because of continuous persecution by human being. There were about 100 animals of the species found in the beginning of 20th century and in 1981, there were 30 individuals of the Pyrenean Ibex reported. The last member of this species named Celia was died on the 6th January 2000 at the age of 13 and the Pyrenean Ibex were announced as the extinct animal.

1. Caribbean Monk Seal

Recently Extinct Caribbean Monk Seal

Caribbean Monk Seal Source

Caribbean Monk seal is one of the most recently extinct species officially declared as the extinct animal on 6th June 2008. As the name suggest, the seal was native to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and the only recognized seal of Caribbean Sea.

Discovered by Columbus along with his team on his second journey America in 1494, the Caribbean seal extinct because of human. Hunting of this seal was start by Columbus and his colleagues for food, the Caribbean seal were hunted massively to get the oil and food from the seal and become declared as extinct species in 2008.

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Acupuncture, Ancient Therapy But New Hope In Modern Era

Acupuncture, An Ancient Mystery or Best Therapy

What is Acupuncture?

Acupuncture is an ancient form of therapy which is now used as a form of alternative medicine, originally Chinese practice evolved over thousand years ago in ancient China (about 2500 B.C). Acupuncture involves the stimulation of specific points on the body using a variety of techniques. These techniques (to stimulate specific body points) can includes insertion of fine needles (that are manipulated by hands or electrical stimulator) trough skin or applying pressure over these specific parts, usually done to achieve cure from certain diseases, relieve pain or anaesthetize the patient (as in surgery).

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The word Acupuncture us taken from Latin “Acus” meaning “Needles” and “Punctura” meaning “to puncture” (Wikipedia)

How Acupuncture done?

One or more small metal needles are inserted at precise points along 12 pathways or channels (known as meridians) in the body, Traditional Chinese medicine explains that stimulating these points can correct imbalances in the flow of qi (vital life force) through channels known as meridians while Western practitioners believe that acupuncture stimulate nerves, muscles and connective tissue which boost the activity of body’s natural painkillers and increase blood flow.

 

How Acupuncture Works?

Current scientific research indicates that these traditional forms of therapy or acupuncture cause release of natural opiates, blockage of pain-signal transmission, thus more effective than placebos in the relief of certain types of pain. Although there is no histological or physiological correlates has been found for qi.

Is it Safe to Use Acupuncture?

Acupuncture is considered as safe when administered by well-trained practitioners with sterile needles and has been accepted and supported by USNIH (United States National Institutes of Health),NHS (National Health Service) of the United Kingdom, WHO (World Health Organization), and NCCAM (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) for certain conditions.

When Acupuncture is recommended?

Being a common form of therapy, Acupuncture is recommended for symptomatic relief from a variety of conditions and disease including but not limited to:

  1. Headaches
  2. Migraines
  3. Low back pain
  4. Fibromyalgia
  5. Labor pain
  6. Menstrual cramps
  7. Osteoarthritis
  8. Tennis elbow
  9. Dental pain
  10. Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting

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There is a report on use of acupuncture as anesthesia prior to surgical procedure in China. Anesthetic effect of acupuncture was achieved by blocking certain spinal nerves and thus reduce or no sensation.

Is there any risk or side effect of this procedure?

Although Acupuncture stimulate the natural body self-recovery mechanism, it has some side effects which is mainly the result of unsterilized needles which include

  • Infections (usually local)
  • Punctured Organs
  • Punctured blood vessels
  • Plural rapture
  • May result in bleeding especially if used by unqualified practitioner

Some form of acupuncture stimulate labor, may cause premature delivery if used in pregnant women.

Conclusion:

One of the oldest forms of therapy, Acupuncture is a reliable form of therapy which acts by activating the body natural mechanism to combat diseases or overcome pain. Acupuncture can be a hope for those who tried other form of therapy for their chronic pain and failed.

If you want to try and take benefits of this old traditional Chinese form of therapy, find a trained therapist in order to gain maximum benefit and prevent the potential side effects.

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Top 10 Best Ever April Fool’s Day Prank From Around The World

Top 10 Best ever April fool's Day Prank

1st April is being known traditionally as Fool’s Day, April fool’s day or All fool’s Day in many countries particularly in western culture. It is an odd celebration celebrated for the sense of humor usually involves harmless jokes, pranks and hoaxes which are socially sanctioned. Although, there is a huge list of April fools pranks and hoaxes but few of which get most popular and still confusing the people. Here is the list of top 10 all the time most Popular April fools Pranks or hoaxes.

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1.  Dead Fairy Hoax

Dead Fairy Hoax

Dead fairy hoax is one of the most popular April fool’s day pranks, which is still going strong well and many believed it yet to be real even after the creator of the hoax has been declared it as a prank.

The hoax appear a day or two before the Fool’s Day, April 1st of 2007, where an image of a Dead mummified fairy which is roughly 8-inches or the size of our palm, was posted on the website Lebanon  Circle Magic Company in an article titled “Do Fairies Live at the Bottom of Your Garden?”. The website published several closed up detailed images of remains of Dead Fairy with the explanation that the creature (resemble to fairy) had been found in Derbyshire on an old Roman road by a dog walker.

The hoax was so strong attracted too many people and the website received more than 20,000 visitors hits, thousands of calls and hundreds of emails on April 1st, 2007 seeking clarification. The Mummy of Dead fairy was actually an art piece made by Dan Baines, a skill prop-maker and the owner of the website. He, at the end of the day, announced that the Corpse of fairy is a hoax but many still refused to accept the fact that the fairy was not real.

Note: The artifact of Dead Fairy was then sold on eBay received the highest bid 0f £280.

2. Spaghetti Tree Hoax

Spaghetti Harvest

Dated back to 1957, when Spaghetti grew on trees.
On April 1st, BBC news show Panorama broadcast a three minutes documentary segment about bumper spaghetti farms in Switzerland where a Swiss family carrying out their annual spaghetti harvest and pulling the strands of spaghetti off the trees and placing it into baskets. The show attracts a huge number of viewers many of which got crazy about spaghetti farming and contacted BBC to know how to grow their own spaghetti trees. At that time spaghetti was not so famous and so there composition, thus many people believe the hoax as reality.

  3. Swedish Instant Color TV DIY Prank

DIY Color TV

On April 1, 1962 in Sweden, the most famous April’s Fool day prank occurred. At that time, the only TV channel was Sveriges Television (SVT) which broadcast their shows in black and white. Although the regular color transmission was began in Sweden on April 1, 1970. But on April’s fool day of the year 1962, the technical expert’s of SVT TV Station Kjell Stensson which was a well known and respected person, announced something which the viewers really get excited about, and that was, converting the existing Black and White into Color TV. All it required was easily accessible material, the pieces of nylon stocking, they had to pull over the TV screen and that’s it. Stensson explain and demonstrate the process and thousand of viewers follow him in an attempt to color their TVs. People got crazy and rush through house to find nylon stocking and place on TV set, as they are instructed, to get color picture.

 4. Planetary Alignment 1976,  Decreases Gravity

Planetary Alignment

BBC is good in making April’s Fool day pranks; although the company had been criticize for that. On the April’s Fool Day of the year 1976, one of the famous astronomers, Patrick Moore, announced that there is once in a lifetime event going to take place at 9:47 AM. He says that the Pluto would pass behind the planet Jupiter and this planetary alignment, he said, would reduce the Earth’s own force of gravity and the people will feel less weight than usual at this moment. He adds more that if someone jumped in the air at the specific time when planetary alignment occurred, he will float or experience floating sensation. After the announcement, many people fell in the hoax and BBC received hundreds of calls from people who claiming to have felt the same floating sensation as Patrick Moore states.

 5. Metric Time System

Metric Time

The next most famous Aprils Fools day prank is from Australia. On 1 April 1975, Australia’s famous news program, This Day Tonight or TDT announced that the country would be converting soon the traditional time system to “metric time” the base of which will be 10. The station added more that in this new proposed metric time system, there would be 100 seconds in a minute, 100 minutes in an hour and 20 hours in a day and, furthermore, a second would turned into milli-day, a minute would become centi-day and hour would become deci-day. The report also show image of one of their reporter Nigel Starck posing with a metric clock. This really confuses the viewers make them fell in the hoax and numbers of frustrated viewers call TDT.

6. Republic of San Serriffe

Republic Of San Serriffe

On 1 April 1977, a seven-page hoax supplement was published by one of the famous British newspaper, The Guardian, devoted to discovery of a small republic San Serriffe located in Indian Ocean. The country was said to consist of several island resemble to semi colon, the main two island of which are Lower Caisse (Case) and Upper Caisse (Case) and its capital was Bodoni. The hoax fooled many readers and only few noticed that the name of the republic and all other information published are just taken from printing terminology, which were not famous among people at the time.

Note: The San Serriffe hoax is the most successful hoax and reused many time, even today, you can register yourself in The Guardian website and can select San Serriffe as your country of origin.

7. UFO landing in London

UFO Landing Hoax

On March 31, 1989, a day before April fool’s day, a glowing bizarre craft resemble to flying saucer appears in the air draw attention of thousands of drivers driving on highway outside London. The flying saucer or UFO was descending on London City and finally landed in a field in Surrey on the outskirts of London. The local resident around the flying saucer landing zone immediately call police and warn them about the landing of UFO and alien invasion. The police just after a while arrived at the site and one of them approached the bizarre craft which is thought to be UFO. Suddenly the door of the UFO opened and a silver suited, small creature walk out of the flying saucer make the scene more real.

But soon the reality disclosed on people and declared as April fool prank, the flying saucer was actually a hot air balloon made specially and skillfully to like UFO and the alien who emerged from it was a midget person.

Note: Although the prank was planned for 1st April on April fool’s day with landing of craft in Hyde Park of London but wind changes causes the balloon to blow down a day earlier

8. Discovery of Life on Jupiter

Life On Jupiter

Evidence of life on planets other than the Earth is what we all are curious about, and this is what the American Online (AOL) had took advantage of on April fool day in 1996 to draw the attention of people. On April 1 1996, the company announced the news that USA Government source claims the signs of life on Jupiter as detected by Galileo mission to Jupiter. The news was supported by statements from planetary biologist and stated that the government is hiding the discovery of life on Jupiter but the company (AOL) has documents to prove the fact.

The hoax fooled many people and as the news speared and until the story being declared as a hoax, company received hundreds of mails and calls from subscribers to obtain more information about the discovery.

9. Wisconsin State Capitol Collapses

Wisconsin State Capitol Collapse

April 1 1933, The Madison Capital Times April fool’s day edition front page showed a picture of collapsing Wisconsin State Capitol dome under the headline which announced “Dome Topples Off Statehouse”. The news reported that the beautiful capital of Wisconsin state was destroyed today following a series of six small and large mysterious explosion resulted from too much hot air or gas generated at the base dome. Although the news was concluded with the words “April fool”, it upset many readers and they being fell for hoax.

 Note: 1n 1985The hoax had been listed in The Science Digest as one of the Best hoax ever.

10. Internet Spring Cleaning

Internet Spring Cleaning

A few days before the April fool’s day of the year 1997, an email was circulated worldwide announcing that internet service would be closed between March 31 and April 2 all around the world due to cleaning process of internet, so do not connect to the internet during the cleaning process.

The mail which is supposedly generated by “Interconnected Network Maintenance Staff, Main Branch, Massachusetts Institute of Technology” rationalizes that the cleaning process is necessary to remove dead email, www, inactive ftp accounts and to clear out “flotsam and jetsam” all the efforts would be done to improve the speed of internet.

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Top 10 interesting Facts about Viruses

Top 10 interesting Facts about Viruses

1.  Virus – A Nano technology

Nano Virus

Viruses are the example of nanotechnology by nature. Their size ranges between 20 nanometers (0.0002 mm) to 400 nanometers (0.0004 mm). The smaller known virus till to date is Circovirus (usually affect animal causing PCVD) and the biggest one is mimivirus (the causative agent of some form of Viral Pneumonia) which is even bigger than some smaller bacteria. There are even bigger virus discover called mamaviru.

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2.  Viral Chain – Double than the Diameter of Milky Way

Virus and Milky wayThere are millions of viruses in a single drop of water, account for 1031 total viruses on the Earth. If calculated by the total number and the average size of virus (200 nanometers) all of them (lined up end to end) will stretch 108 Light years into space (2 times more than the diameter of Milky Way).

3.  Living or Dead

Virus, The Border Line between Living and non-livingViruses are neither living nor dead entity. They are among the border line of Live and dead. They don’t have their own food metabolism mechanism; they can’t produce energy by their own. But due to ability to replicate (reproduce) themselves Viruses, by some scientist, considered as living thing. Although they can’t reproduce outside the host cell

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4.  Temperature Does matter for Virus

Effect of Temperature on Virus
On average, viruses live on 37 0C for seconds, for minutes on 20 0C, for hour on 10 0C for days on 0 0C and for years on temperature in minus. The hotter temperature of your body during viral infection helps immune system to get rid of viruses. On the other hand, in cold weather, you have more chances to get flu. There are still many ancient viruses living in sub freezing temperature of Antarctica.

5.  Wide Range Of Host

Host range of virus
Viruses are not only the worst enemy of human; they can infect every living organism under the Sun. The virus nature of more rapid genetic diversion enables them to parasitize all groups of Living organisms. Their range of hosts not only limited to men but include animal, plants, insects, Bacteria (infected by Bacteriophages), fungi, protozoa, amoebae their own relatives, yes there are viruses (viriophage) which infect other viruses.

6.  First written Proof of Viral Disease

Person with Poliomyelitis in Ancient drwaings
The first written evidence of a viral infection is dated back to ancient Egypt (3700 B.C), which shows a patient with typical clinical features of poliomyelitis. The first ever discovered virus is Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) discovered by a Russian Microbiologist, Dmitry Ivanovsky in 1892. The first discovered virus causing disease in Human is Yellow Fever virus, discovered by Walter Reed in 1901. Structure of Virus was not been observed until the invention of Electron Microscope in 1931. Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll (both are Germen Engineers) were the first who observe Virus under Electron Microscope.

7.  DNA Vs. RNA Virus

Types Of Virus (RNA virus, DNA virus)
On the basis of genetic material (Ribonucleic acid), Viruses are classifying as either DNA (Double Strand Nucleic Acid) or RNA (Single Strand Nucleic Acid) viruses. Among these types, DNA viruses are stable and while replicating, they make good copies of their genetic material. This can be useful to make vaccines against them. On other hand, RNA viruses are less stable, their genetic material changes quickly due to which it’s hard to make vaccine against them or get vaccinated against the same viral infection repeatedly. (Can you guess HIV belongs to which class?)

8.  Antiviral Drugs – Pseudo Genetic Codes

Antiviral Drugs, Pseudo Genetic Code
Antiviral drugs (such as Acyclovir) are Pseudo (fake) genetic material which is perceived and adopted by viruses as their own replicated genetic martial (RNA or DNA) in cell, using which render the viruses harmless.

9.  Social History of Virus

Traces of Virus found in Ancient human Remains
Traces of Viruses found in ancient human skeleton are used by scientist as a tool or evidence to uncover pre-historic migration by human being. Scientists are tracing prehistoric migration by viruses they carry with themselves.

10.  Friendly Virus

Gene Therapy through Virus
Despite all the harmful effects of virus, there is a useful Medical use of Viruses. They are being used in gene therapy as gene delivery systems for the treatment of various inherited and acquired diseases.
Viruses are the enemy of our enemies (bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa), they helping us by killing them as well.

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Proof of Ancient Aliens Visits and Interaction with Humans

Proof Of Ancient Aliens Visit to the EarthProof Of Ancient Aliens Visit to the Earth

Are we alone in the universe? Or, is there any extra terrestrials creatures in our neighbors? If yes, had they ever visited us? Did they made contact with us? Had they ever play role in development of our culture and modern technologies? These questions always wondered the human and for which they seeks answer.

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Many scientist, archeologist and alien theorists say yes for the presence of alien and claim that earth was visited in past by intelligent extra terrestrials being who made contact with humans and helped shape human civilization, culture, religions and technologies.

Scientist found many clues scattered throughout the world, suggested that alien could have visited the earth long ago. Aliens like strange humanoid creatures and flying objects similar to UFO (quite same as today’s reported modern UFOs and aliens) are depicted in paintings, found in some religious text (which mentioned flying cars or flying chariots) and the presence of astronauts like stone sculptures from ancient culture. On the bases of these evidences, scientists claim the presence of ancient aliens or astronauts. Although there are many opponents to the theory, here are few evidence of ancient aliens existence, after looking at which, it’s up to you to believe or disbelieve the theory.

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